Federal crimes are those that fall under federal jurisdiction. Some crimes, like medical fraud, will be charged at the federal level. It's not always individuals that face charges, either; it can be organizations or business entities, too.
Take, for example, this case accusing a northwest Georgia clinic of reusing single-use equipment. The ear, nose and throat clinic agreed to pay nearly $1.2 million to settle allegations that it reused single-use balloon catheters. The government claims the clinic violated federal law by submitting claims for the procedures.
The government alleges that the Northwest ENT Associates, P.C., which has offices in five locations, violated the False Claims Act. It's believed that the clinics did this to reduce their expenses, but the patients were put at risk. With this procedure, the catheter would be inserted into the sinuses and inflated to enlarge the sinus cavity. The units the clinic used were designed for single uses, but the clinic alleged used only one on multiple patients.
As you can see from this article, it's not just individuals who face charges but also businesses as a whole. If that happens, then people working there could get caught up in the investigation and end up with charges against them, even if they had no willing part in the fraudulent acts. If you're someone who has been falsely accused or who was at the wrong place at the wrong time, it's worth your time to look into a strong defense. It's unfair to be held accountable for another person's criminal actions, even if it's your employer's.